GREVE-IN-CHIANTI is a township (‘comune’) in the Chianti Classico DOCG region of Tuscany. Greve encompasses the sub-zone of Panzano-in-Chianti, a hotbed of organic winegrowing. The township covers a surface area of 65 square miles (170 square kilometres). Alessandro Masnaghetti (2018) says that despite being crossed by the northernmost part of the Chianti mountains, Greve has a less ‘extreme configuration’ and character’ compared to Radda in Chianti and many parts of Gaiole in Chianti. Partly this is due to ‘a significant percentage’ of its vineyard extending along the Greve river–which runs in a north-south direction valley–and the two opposing hillsides the river has created. As Sebastiano Capponni of Villa Calcinaia says ‘the Greve river divides its valley in two sides whose soils greatly differ from one another.’

VINEYARD AREA | 2014 1,205.39 hectares representing 18.61% of Chianti Classico’s total vineyard area of 6,476.66 hectares, making it Chianti Classico’s second biggest vineyard township after Castellina in Chianti (Source: Enoproject, Franco Bernabei).

FRAZIONI (LOCALITIES) | Borgo di Dudda. / Case di Dudda. / Case Poggio. / Casole. / Castellinuzza. / Castello di Cintoia. / Chiocchio. / Cintoia. / Dimezzano. / Dudda. / Ferrone. / Giobbole. / Le Bolle. / Greti. / Il Ferrone. / Il Ferruzzi. / Il Piano. / La Panca. / La Presura. / La Villa. / Lamole. / Le Masse. / Lucolena in Chianti. / Montefioralle. / Panzano in Chianti. / Passo dei Pecorai. / Pescina. / Petigliolo. / Petriolo. / Pieve di Panzano. / Poggio Alla Croce. / Rinforzati. / Ruffoli. / San Polo in Chianti. / Santa Cristina. / Solaia. / Spedaluzzo. / Strada in Chianti. / Torsoli.

GREVE RIVER VALLEY – RIGHT (EAST) BANK

Sebastiano Capponni of Villa Calcinaia says ‘the right bank of the Greve is characterized by the mountain range known as “Monti del Chianti” and the soil there comprises prevailingly sandstone and sand formed by the break-up of the bedrock of these mountains.’ 

Alessandro Masnaghetti (2018) says compared to the western side of the Greve river valley, they enjoy warmer exposures towards the west and south, beginning at Vignamaggio, at the valley’s narrowest point, and terminating at Greti, where the hills are more open and rolling. Masnaghetti says this part of the the zone could be considered to continue further north and include the Nozzole, La Madonnina and Chiocchio zones as well, which geographically remain part of the Greve river valley but whose clay-rich soils resemble the northern sector areas of Strada, Presura, and Castel Ruggero, which is why he classifies them all as being in the ‘Northern Sector’ of the township. The northern sector he says is completed by the addition of ‘the rather isolated’ area of San Polo in Chianti on Greve’s northern boundary, where the Ema river valley narrows and where average altitudes are higher that in the Strada-in-Chianti zone.

An even greater difference can be noted, Masnaghetti says, in the case of Lucolena and Dudda, whose vineyards extend along two small valleys which join one another and which wedge their way into the eastern side of the Monti del Chianti. Altitude and aspect combine to make this area a cooler, later ripening area. The soils are reddish brown in colour, particularly around Castello di Querceto, he says.

GREVE RIVER VALLEY – LEFT (WEST) BANK

Sebastiano Capponni of Villa Calcinaia says the left bank of the Greve, where Villa Calcinaia stands, ‘is of Eocene origin and calcareous clay is the predominant element in these parts.’ Alessandro Masnaghetti (2018) says vineyards on the western (left bank) of the Greve river have an east, southeast aspect. Vineyard zones on the western (left bank) include Montefioralle, Calcinaia-Viticcio, Verrazzano and Vicchiomaggio, says Masnaghetti (2018).

GREVE-IN-CHIANTI SUB-ZONES

NORTHERN SECTOR: Estates in the northern sector tend to be large in scale. Sub-zones / Strada in Chianti. / Castel Ruggero. / La Presura. / San Polo in Chianti. / Chiocchio. / La Madonnina. / Nozzole.

EASTERN SECTOR: The eastern sector, on the eastern side of the Chianti mountains (‘Monti del Chainti’). Sub-zones / Lucolena. / Dudda.

CENTRAL SECTOR: The central sector of Greve has a mix of high-altitude areas such as Ruffoli, Sugame, Riseccoli and Montefioralle. The other areas are more on the valley floor. Sub-zones / Greti. / Melazzano. / Uzzano. / Vignamaggio. / Calcinaia–Viticcio. / Montefioralle. / Verrazzano. / Vicchiomaggio. / Riseccoli–Sugame. / Ruffoli.

SOUTHERN SECTOR: The high altitude area in the southern sector of Greve is Lamole. Sub-zones / Cafaggio. / Casole. / Conca d’Oro. / Crespine. / La Massa. / La Sala. / Lamole. / Montagliari. / Montefili. / Panzano. / Rignana. / Vitigliano.

GREVE-IN-CHIANTI WINERIES

CERTIFIED BIODYNAMIC

CERTIFIED ORGANIC, BIODYNAMIC PRACTICES | Monte Bernardi.

CERTIFIED ORGANIC | Basilica Cafaggio. / Carpineto. / Casaloste. / Castellaccio. / Castellinuzza e Piuca. / Castello di Verrazzano. / Cennatoio Inter Vineas. / Filetta di Lamole. / I Fabbri. / Il Molino di Grace. / Il Palagio di Panzano. / L’Orcio a Ca’ di Pesa. / La Camporena. / Le Cinciole. / Le Fonti – Panzano. / Maurizio Brogioni. / Montecalvi. / Montefioralle. / Panzanello. / Pian de Gallo. / Podere Campriano. / Podere Castellinuzza – Coccia Paolo. / Podere Cianfanelli. / Poggio Asciutto. / Querciabella. / Reggine. / Renzo Marinai. / Sassolini. / Tenuta La Novella. / Terre di Melazzano. / Terreno. / Vallone di Cecione. / Vignamaggio. / Villa Calcinaia

NO CERTIFICATION | Altiero. / Antico Borgo du Sugame. / Basilica Cafaggio. / Belvedere. / Ca’ di Pesa. / Campocorto. / Candialle. / Cantine Leonardo da Vinci. / Carobbio. / Carpineto. / Casa Vinicola Fossi Duilio. / Castel Ruggero. / Castelli del Grevepesa. / Castello dell Stinche – Antico Lamole. / Castello di Querceto. / Castello di Tizzano. / Castello di Uzzano. / Corte di Valle. / / Fattoria i’Ottavio. Fattoria la Presura. / Fattoria La Quercia. / Fattoria Le Bocce. / Fattoria Montagliari. / Fattoria Santo Stefano. / Fattoria Viticcio. / Festeggiata. / Fontodi. / Grassi Roberto. / Il Santo. / Il Vescovino. / La Doccia. / La Madonnina (Triacca). / La Marcellina. / La Massa. / Lamole di Lamole. / Lanciola. / Le Masse di Lamole. / Le Masse di San Leonino. / Le Regge. / Leonardo Manetti. / Montoro e Selvole. / Pile e Lamole. / Podere Poggio Scalette. / Poggio ai Mandorli. / Rignana. / S. Cristina a Pancole. / Salvadori Cesare. / San Cresci. / Savignola Paolina. / Solatio. / Tenuta Casenuove. / Tenuta degli Dei. / Tenuta di Nozzole. / Tenuta di Riseccoli. / Torcibrencoli. / Torraccia di Presura. / Torre Alberghieri. / Vecchie Terre di Montefili. / Vignole. / Villa Buonasera. / Vino Sorelli. / Vitiano. / WH winery.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alessandro Masnaghetti, I Cru di Enogea, Chianti Classico (Alessandro Masnaghetti Editore, third edition Feb 2018).

Bill Nesto MW & Frances Di Savino, Chianti Classico, the Search for Tuscany’s Noblest Wine, (University of California Press 2016).