The Maremma Toscana DOC covers still wines or all three colours made in the southern coastal area of Tuscany (see Maremma). It came into effect from 2011. It replaced the Bianco or Rosso della Maremma Toscana IGT (which dated from 1995). The IGT designation allowed producers to put the word ‘Toscana’ on the label but this is not allowed for a DOC wine.

‘Historically Maremma has a chequered reputation, and just 60 years ago was regarded as a zone almost unfit to live in. An old ditty says ‘Chi va a Maremma lascia l’acqua fresca e non sa quello che trova’, which translates as ‘he who goes to Maremma leaves fresh water behind and has no idea what he’ll find there’. In those days, Maremma was awash with swampy terrain and clouded with malaria-carrying mosquitoes. In fact, during an outbreak of malaria in the 1940s, all the public offices on the coastal plain closed and moved their records to higher ground in Scansano. Today, the mosquitoes no longer discourage the many Italian and European tourists who flock the coastal towns during the summer months,’ (Doug Wregg in Caves de Pyrene list, July 2011).

Production | 2018 12.4 million kg of grapes produced 8.5 million litres of wine.

Wineries

Certified BiodynamicCaiarossa. | Campinuovi

Certified organicIl Cerchio (Capalbio). | Le Murelle (Manciano). | Nittardi. | Poggio Foco (Manciano). | Poggio Saccheto (Marco Benvenuti). | Rocca di Montemassi. | Zonin 1821.

No certificationBrancaia. | Carpineto. | Fattoria Querciarossa. | Fertuna. | Rocca di Montegrossi. | Tenuta Casteani.