NURAGHI, conical stone towers found on the Italian island of Sardinia (‘Sardegna’). These were built in prehistoric times (between 1900 BC and 730 BC,) by the Nuragic civilization which shaped the island’s development from the Neolithic age until 238 B.C. when Sardinia was brought under the Roman Empire. The towers (7,000 or so survive) were sited strategically (in defensive positions), and were built without mortar. The most famous Nuraghe location is the Su Nuraxi di Barumini complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997. Other examples are the group at Serra Orrios east of Nuoro and the Nuraghi Losa, Santa Barbara, and Sant’Antine between Oristano and Sassari (Burton Anderson, 1990, p295). The main IGT denomination for Sardinian wine is called Isola dei Nuraghi or ‘the island of the Nuraghi’, honouring the what is known as the island’s Nuragic Age. Sardinia’s Nuragus (white) grape variety which is found in the Nuragus di Cagliari DOC also makes use of the name.


Burton Anderson, The Wine Atlas of Italy (Mitchell Beazley, London, 1990).

David Gleave, The Wines of Italy (Salamander Books, London, 1989).

Nicolas Belfrage MW, Life Beyond Lambrusco (Sidgwick & Jackson, 1985)

Nicolas Belfrage MW, From Barolo to Valpolicella—The Wines of Northern Italy (Faber & Faber, 1999).

Nicolas Belfrage MW, From Brunello to Zibibbo–The Wines of Tuscany, Central and Southern Italy (2nd edition, London, 2003).

Oxford Companion to Wine 4th edition ed. Jancis Robinson MW and Julia Harding MW (Oxford University Press, 2015).