VERMENTINO DI GALLURA DOCG is a dry white wine based on Vermentino from 19 townships (‘comuni’) in the provinces of Sassari (17) and Nuoro (2) in the hills of the Gallura peninsula in the extreme north-eastern corner (the “Gallura”) of the Italian island of Sardinia (Sardegna). The DOC was granted in 1975. A Superiore version is permitted (details below). Vermentino from around the Tempio Pausania area on the peninsula is noted by Burton Anderson (1990, p291). The DOC was granted in 1975. It was the first on the island to be classified as DOCG in 1996. The Cantine Sociale Gallura, under the directorship of Dino Addis, pushed for DOCG status for Vermentino di Gallura, the “true” Vermentino of Sardinia.
VERMENTINO | ‘The Vermentino variety can be found under fairly intensive cultivation in nearly all the Mediterranean coastal districts from Spain to Liguria and on the two major islands semi-enclosed by that arc, Corsica and Sardinia. It is also grown in small areas on the island of Madeira and in some places in southern France. Vermentino is seemingly Spanish in origin. It travelled from Spain to Corsica in the 14th century and from there went on to Liguria. Its appearance on Sardinia was fairly recent, the final decades of the last century, and it was first planted in the Gallura at the island’s northernmost tip. Although it is now found throughout Sardinia, Vermentino expresses itself best, yielding wines of outstanding personality, in the Gallura, an area incessantly swept by the fierce wind from the Alps, the Mistral. The area’s dry, harsh soils are not conducive to most agricultural production. The quality of the wine is due not only to the microclimatic conditions but also to the character of the terrain, which features a thin and poor substratum of granitic material [such soil is quite rare in Italy says Ian D’Agata]. That material accounts for the wine’s pronounced perfume, which is balanced by a substantial alcohol level, fine fragrance and good body,’ (Les Caves de Pyrène list July 2011).
PRODUCTION ZONE | The zone includes the communes of Budoni and San Teodoro in the province of Nuoro, as well as the communes of Aggius, Aglientu, Arzachena, Badesi, Berchidda, Bortigiadas, Calangianus, Golfo Aranci, Loiri Porto San Paolo, Luogosanto, Luras, Monti, Olbia, Oschiri, Palau, San Francesco d´Aglientu, Santa Teresa Gallura, Sant´Antonio di Gallura, Telti, Tempio Pausania, Trinita ´Agultu e Vignola and Viddalba in the province of Sassari.
WINE STYLE | The wine is made from the Vermentino grape (95-100%), as well as optionally from other permitted white varieties (up to 5%). With a minimum alcohol content of 13% vol it may be called Superiore. See also Vermentino di Sardegna DOC. The wine has a yellow straw colour with green tinges and is delicately bitter.
CERTIFIED ORGANIC, BIODYNAMIC PRACTICES
Burton Anderson, The Wine Atlas of Italy (Mitchell Beazley, London, 1990).