MATERA DOC in Basilicata was created in 2005. It covers all 31 communes in the province of Matera. The province is bordered to the west and south by Potenza (PZ) province, to the south by the Calabria region, to the east and north by the Puglia region, and to the southeast by the Ionian sea. Matera province is the instep or arch of the Italian ‘boot’. The provincial capital city is also called Matera.

HISTORY The city of Matera’s extensive cave dwellings (‘sassi’) saw it awarded UNESCO World Heritage Site status in 1993.

WINES There are now eleven Matera DOC wine styles (the DOC has been modified four times since 2005, the last being on 07th March 2014). Yields are set at 10 tons/hectare for all wines.

SPARKLING WINES (2)

Matera Spumante from 85-100% Malvasia Bianca di Basilicata, 0-15% of other non-aromatic white grapes allowed in Basilicata. Made by the traditional method of second fermentation in bottle (Metodo Classico).

Matera Spumante Rosé [sic] from 90-100% Primitivo, 0-10% of red grapes allowed in Basilicata. Made by the traditional method of second fermentation in bottle (Metodo Classico).

STILL WINES (7)

Matera Bianco from 85-100% Malvasia Bianca di Basilicata, 0-15% other non-aromatic white grapes allowed in Basilicata.

Matera Greco from 85-100% Greco [sic], 0-15% other non-aromatic white grapes allowed in Basilicata.

Matera Rosato from 90-100% Primitive, 0-10% other red grapes allowed in Basilicata.

Matera Rosso from 60-70% Sangiovese, 30-40% Primitivo, 0-10% other non-aromatic red grapes allowed in Basilicata.

Matera Primitivo from 90-100% Primitivo, 0-10% other non-aromatic red grapes allowed in Basilicata.

Matera Moro from 60-70% Cabernet Sauvignon, 20-30% Primitivo, at least 10-20% Merlot, 0-10% of other non-aromatic red grapes allowed in Basilicata.

Matera Moro Riserva from 60-70% Cabernet Sauvignon, 20-30% Primitivo, 10-20% Merlot, with an optional maximum 10% of other non-aromatic red grapes allowed in Basilicata. The wine must age at least 24 months in oak, and can be released 36 months after the harvest (from 01st November).

PASSITO WINES (2)

Matera Bianco Passito from the same blend as Matera Bianco.

Matera Primitivo Passito from the same blend as Matera Primitivo.

WINEGROWING New vineyards must be planted at a minimum vine density of 3,300 vines/ha (per acre). Emergency irrigation is permitted. Maximum yields are 10 tonnes/ha.

TOURISM The town’s main annual festival, the Festa della Bruna, takes place on 2nd July.

GASTRONOMY Matera’s bread is made from durum wheat (grano duro) and has its own protected regional appellation.