Gols is a town in Wagram (formerly Donauland until 2007) in the north of the Neusiedlersee (Seewinkel) in the Austrian state of Burgenland, along Austria’s extreme eastern border with Hungary, where Lake Neusiedl is at its warmest. This results from the interaction of influences between the Parndorf heath to the north and west and the shallowness of the lake itself which tempers extremes both of summer heat and winter cold. Giles MacDonogh (1992, p.86) says the wines from Gols ‘are most likely to be sturdy reds and dry whites’, adding that this ‘largely Protestant town, and ugly, swollen village with drab facades…ranks with Langenlois as Austria’s greatest wine producing commune.’
Terroir: Georg Schmelzer of Schmelzer’s Weingut (link below) describes the Gols terroir as ‘Pannonian climate zone. Hot, dry summers and cold snowless winters, as well as moderate precipitation. An important factor for this special microclimate is the Neusiedler See, the largest steppe lake of Central Europe.’
Giles MacDonogh, The Wine & Food of Austria (Mitchell Beazley, 1992).