Austria is a landlocked European country located of the Alps in the southern part of Central Europe and created in 1919 (see Austria 1919 creation). Most Austrian wine regions are located in the eastern part of the country due to its favourable climatic conditions. Winegrowing is practised to a smaller extent across the rest of Austria as well. The main regions for quality and volume are Burgenland (south-east of Vienna on the border with Hungary) and Niederösterreich (north and south of Vienna).

Political geographyAustria is a Federal republic comprised of nine autonomous regions or federal states (Bundesländer), all of which have governments and parliaments. They are Burgenland, Carinthia (Kärnten), Lower Austria (Niederösterreich), Salzburg, Styria (Steiermark), Tyrol (Tirol), Vorarlberg, Upper Austria (Oberösterreich), and Vienna (Wien).

Location: Austria is located between mountain ranges and the Pannonian Plain.

Austrian Wine Statistics Reports: 2019.

Austria: Organic & Biodynamic wine data: Austria is a global leader with regard both to the quality and extent of its organic and Biodynamic wine-growing. See Austria, organic and Biodynamic wine data.

Grape varietiesBlauburger (r). | Blauburgunder (r). | Blauer Burgunder (r). | Blauer Portugieser (r). | Blauer Spätburgunder (r). | Blauer Wildbacher (r). | Blauer Zweigelt (r). | Blaufränkisch (r). | Bouvier (w). | Chardonnay or Morillon (w). | Fruhroter Veltliner or Malvasier (w). | Furmint (w). | Gelber Muskateller. |  Gewurtztraminer (w). | Goldburger (w). | Grüner Veltliner (w). | Müller-Thurgau (w). | Muskat Ottonel (w). | Muskateller – see Gelber Muskateller, above (w). | Neuburger (w). | Pinot Blanc–see Weissburgunder. | Pinot Gris. | Pinot Noir (r). | Riesling (w). | Riesling-Sylvaner (w). | Rotburger (r). | Roter Veltliner (r). | Rotgipfler (r). | Ruländer (w). Samling 88–see Scheurebe | Sauvignon Blanc (w). | Scheurebe (w). | St Laurent (r). | Sylvaner (w). | Weissburgunder (w). | Welschriesling (w). | Zierfandler (w).

Geology & soil types: Gneiss. | Granite. | Loam. | Loess. | Slate.

Wine style: Compared to Germany, Austria’s warmer climate gives riper, stronger wines, with dry wines the most common. Basic ripeness for Prädikatswein (non-chaptalised wines) must be higher. The use od süssreserve is not allowed.

Wine regions

Wien (Vienna): See Wien (Vienna).

Niederösterreich: See Niederösterreich (Lower Austria): Sub-regions Carnuntum. | Donauland–see Wagram. | Kamptal. | Kremstal. | Thermenregion. | Traisental. | Wachau. | Wagram (formerly Donauland). | Weinviertel

Burgenland: See BurgenlandSub-regions Eisenberg. | Leithaberg. | Mittelburgenland (Central Burgenland). | Mittelburgenland DAC Blaufränkisch. | Neusiedlersee. | Neusiedlersee-Hügelland

SteiermarkSee Steiermark (Styria)Sub-regions Vulkanland Steiermark (formerly Süd-Ost Steiermark or South-East Styria). | Weststeiermark (West Styria). | Südsteiermark (South Styria). 

Bibliography

Giles MacDonogh, The Wine and Food of Austria (Mitchell Beazley, 1992).