Organic & Biodynamic wine-growing globally
2018 In March 2018 Demeter e.V. in Germany reported there were more than 616 wineries with Demeter Biodynamic certification worldwide with more than 8,200 hectares (20,254 acres) of vineyards.
2017 Around 4.5% of the world’s wine grape vineyards were organic or biodynamic, a total of 316,000 hectares (780,520 acres) of vines. Of this, Europe’s 281,000 hectares (538,460 acres) gave it an 80% share of the global total (Millésime Bio 2017 Dossier de Presse p.13). 90% of Europe’s organic vineyards were from just three countries: Spain, France and Italy (Millésime Bio 2017 Dossier de Presse p14).
2013 In 2013 the European Union’s organic vineyard total reached nearly 245,000 hectares (605,150 acres), up 6 per cent on 2012, meaning 7% of the EU vineyard was organic, according to Elisabeth Mercier (January 2015, Montpellier, France). Individual country shares were 34% for Spain, 28% for Italy, 16% for France, 3% for Germany, and 2% each for Greece and Austria, and 1% each for Portugal, Bulgaria and Romania, with ‘others’ on 2%. Between 2008 and 2013 the growth in surface area of organic vineyards was 172% in Spain, 68% in Italy and 129% in France and 111% the European Union as a whole. The percentage of organic vineyards in Spain, Italy and France was similar, at 8.4%, 8.6% and 8.2% respectively.
2012 In 2012 there were 284,155 hectares of organic vines worldwide (up 7% on 2011) equating to 4% of the global vineyard (up from 3.2% in 2011), according to Elisabeth Mercier of Agence Bio. Of this surface area 30% was in conversion. Roughly speaking, 81% of the world’s organic vineyards were in the European Union, and 72% of the world’s organic vineyards were found in just three countries–Italy (20%), France (23%), and Spain (29%). Three countries accounted for 71% of global organic wine production: Spain (27%), France (22%) and Italy (22%). The leading markets in terms of value for organic wines were France, Germany, USA, Italy, UK, and Austria. 4 million hectolitres of organic wine were sold in 2012 with both France and Germany accounting for 21% each, with Italy in third place (11%).
Elisabeth Mercier (of Agence Bio), Panorama de la Viticulture bio en France et dans le Monde presented at the Millésime Bio organic wine fair, 27 January 2015, Montpellier, France.