Murlo is a commune in the Val d’Arbia in the Province of Siena in Tuscany, south of Siena itself. It occupies a strategic position which dominates the surroundings (the bishop’s palace occupies the highest point). Vineyards in part of the commune are also allowed the Val d’Arbia DOC (for white or pink wines only). Murlo contains one of the most important Etruscan archaeological areas, with buildings dating back to the 12th century BC. Genetic studies suggest the locals are direct descendants of the Etruscans.