Finland, northern European nation considered one of the ‘Nordics‘ or Nordic countries.

Economy: Joined the Euro in 1999. Ran into trouble after the financial crisis of 2007-08. Also hit by the decline of Nokia, once Finland’s biggest company and the world’s biggest maker of mobile phones (The Economist 06th Feb 2016, p.64).

Demographics: ‘The workforce is shrinking as an especially pronounced post-war baby boom and subsequent bust takes its toll. The number of Finns aged 15-64 is falling by almost 0.5% a year’ (‘Finland’s economic winter: Permafrost’, The Economist 06th Feb 2016, p.64).

Energy: ‘Finland’s four nuclear reactors operate at among the world’s highest utilisation rates, and supply 26% of its electricity, (The Economist 15th April 2017, p.52).

Geography: Finland stretches from the Baltic Sea to the Arctic and shares an 800-mile (1,300km) border with Russia.

Bibliography

‘Finland’s economic winter: Permafrost’, The Economist 06th Feb 2016, p.64.

‘To the next ice age and beyond’, The Economist 15th April 2017, p.52.