Pharming

Pharming, described by Hilary Wright (2000, p.192) as playing God with genes (eg. genetic modification), the building blocks of all life...

Conventional farming: Origins

Conventional farming’s advent dates to the First World War era, and its technological advances. These included creating explosives by extracting nitrogen from the atmosphere (see the Haber-Bosch process) which led to the development of nitrogen-based fertilizers...

Fenarimol

Fenarimol | A systemic fungicide used against powdery mildew (oïdium). Fenarimol (sold under the Rubigan® brand owned by DuPont) is a DMI (demethylation inhibitor). Fenarimol causes phytotoxicity on young shoots in the spring and its use is limited in table grapes for...

Cymoxanil

Cymoxanil | Cymoxanil was first introduced in 1977. It is an acetimide compound used as both a curative and preventative foliar fungicide. In Europe it has been sold for use on grapes, potatoes, tomatoes, hops, sugarbeets and other vegetable crops. Cymoxanil’s...

Vangard®

Vangard® WG is a systemic fungicide used to prevent Botrytis cinerea. The active ingredient is cyprodinil. Brand owner Syngenta says ‘attacking diseases in at least two sites, Vangard® WG inhibits leaf penetration and growth of pathogens within plant tissue....