AUSTRIA | See Austria.

Austria in its present form was created, after the First World War when, as Giles MacDonogh (1992, p9) describes, ‘in September 1919 a collection of diplomats and high-ranking military officers gathered in the small French town of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. Having wound up the German and Ottoman Empires, their job that morning was to reallocate the former possessions of the Habsburg Monarchy. As representatives of one of the losers in the 1914-18 war, the Austrian plenipotentiaries had little choice but to sign away their history with their territories in Hungary, Bohemia, Moravia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Romania, Italy and Poland. Before the ink was dry on the Treaty of Saint-Germain, the delegates had reduced the sprawling bulk of the Austro-Hungarian Empire to a few territories scattered among the eastern outcrops of the Alps, and a handful of more arable provinces situated along the meandering River Danube and now [Slovakia’s capital] city of Bratislava.’

BIBLIOGRAPHY

The Wine & Food of Austria by Giles MacDonagh (Mitchell Beazley, 1992).