Wagram | Austrian wine region stretching north-west of Vienna toward St Pölten (Oz Clarke, 2015, p276) in Niederösterreich (Lower Austria) in Austria. Wagram was known as Donauland (‘Danubeland’) until 2007. The region’s geologic features (see below) coupled with consistent weather and climatic patterns provide the prerequisites for producing full-bodied wines rich in aroma and flavour. Wagram is better known for its Grüner Veltliner than its Riesling, but the latter appears to be underestimated.
Main towns | Feuersbrunn. | Fels. | Gols. | Grossriedenthal (an environmentally conscious commune known for Eiswein). | Gösing. | Kirchberg. | Großweikersdorf. | Klosterneuburg.
Vineyard area | 2016 2,451 ha. | 2018 2,720 hectares of vines (Wines of Austri.
Main grape varieties | Grüner Veltliner, Riesling, Roter Veltliner.
Terroir | Wagram has two distinct zones, on both the north and south banks of the Danube (Donau). The northern, actual Wagram part, is a massif terrain that stretches 30km along the northern bank of the Danube as far as Kamptal; and the areas towards the south, encompasses the quaint villages around the Tullnerfeld region as well as the historic wine town of Klosterneuburg, just outside Vienna. The extensive geological features coupled with consistent weather and climatic patterns offer the prerequisites for producing full-bodied wines rich in aroma and flavour.
Layers of loess formed in the Ice Age cover the substrate of marine deposits and river gravels (the name Wagram comes from ‘Wogenrain’ meaning ‘shore’) and shape the landscape. Grüner Veltliner in particular benefits from this, yielding hearty, spicy wines with substance.
Geology | Loess is dominant north of the Danube and almost completely covers the basement consisting of crystalline rocks, silty-clayey marine sediments of the Molasse Zone and glacial terrace gravels. The yellowish flour-like and consistently calcareous–dolomitic rock dust is sometimes up to several metres in thickness here. In the northern, more elevated and hilly part of the wine growing area, the vineyards are located upon sandy-gravel soils that belong to the so-called Hollabrunn-Mistelbach Formation. These mark a former course of the Danube, which is about 10 million years old. In many cases the gravel shows a loam cover layer.
South of the Danube the vineyards are sited on the varied rocks of the Molasse Zone until towards the east the major location of Klosterneuburg is encountered. The vineyards here lay on diverse grades of calcareous flysch rocks. Characteristic and often repeating sequences of sand, silt, claystone and marl are referred to as flysch, which formed from submarine mudslides that flowed into the deep waters of the former Ocean.
The north-east facing underslopes are coated by fine-grained, more or less calcareous loams.
Wine styles | The area produces some of the most opulent, full-bodied red wines in Niederösterreich, especially from the Zweigelt and Pinot Noir varieties. The indigenous speciality Roter Veltliner provides long lasting wines. Grüner Veltliner is the flagship grape variety here.
No certification | Stift Klosterneuburg.
Oz Clarke, Oz Clarke Wine A-Z (Pavilion, 2015), p.180.