Veneto is a region in north-east Italy.
Documents from the second century BC report that the Romans defeated the Cimbri tribe also thanks to the “effects” that the local wine had on the latter. Alongside the traditional varieties typical of Veneto, many international ones are also grown in the region, as these were heavily planted here after the phylloxera plight. The firs DOC in Veneto was Lugana in 1967, followed by Bardolino, Soave, and Valpolicella. Veneto is a region where there are large mountain rang- es (the Alps and Pre-Alps foothills), extensive hills, and an extensive flatland area covering almost 60% of the total area. The mountainous area covers 26% of the region, while the hilly areas account for 14%. The climate is continental. To the south the climate is mitigated by the Adriatic Sea and to the west by Lake Garda; the winter fogs are frequent even if located in the plain to the south-east.
Veneto is the first wine producer in Italy in terms of volume and has a surface area of over 75,000 hectares, of which 60% in the plain areas and 40% in the hills, with only a limited percentage of viticulture in the mountains. Veneto is the region that produces the largest quantity of DOC wines in Italy, about 20% of the entire production on the national territory.
Moving from east to west, the first viticultural area is that of the hills of Garda and the Valpolicella Veronese, characterized by the cultivation of red grapes Corvina, Rondinella, and Molinara with which Bardolino and Valpolicella wines are made as well as the famous Amarone (DOCG). There is also the “inter- regional” DOC Lugana, shared between the provinces of Verona and Mantova, where the white wine is made from Turbiana or Trebbiano di Lugana grape (very similar but not identical to Trebbiano di Soave). Between the Lessini Mountains and Berici Mountains, we find the area of Soave and Gambellara, known for white wines made from the Garganega grape. The Berici Hills are especially known for reds, with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Tai Rosso, similar to Cannonau or Grenache. The foothills of Vicenza (DOC Breganze) in addition to producing fine reds, are also known for its native grape Vespaiola used to produce the sweet wine Torcolato Breganze. In the Padua area, two important DOCGs: Moscato Fiori d’Arancio dei Colli Euganei (made with Moscato Giallo) and the Friularo of Bagnoli DOCG, whose namesake wine is produced with the vine Friularo, which corresponds to the Raboso, grown in the Piave area. The Treviso area is also home to the wine region of Prosecco (Glera grape), the most important district of Italian sparkling wines. On the border with Friuli another DOCG, the Lison, resulting from the Lison Pramaggiore DOC. It is noteworthy that the western area of Veneto is mainly characterized by the cultivation of native vines (such as in the DOCs Bardolino, Valpolicella and Soave) while in the east the majority of grapevines planted are of international varieties. Two particular wines in this area are Torchiato Fregona (sweet raisiny wine made from Glera grapes, Verdisio and Boschera) and Refrontolo (another sweet wine made from air-dried Marzemino). These dessert wines are a characteristic and historical products of Veneto, as are Recioto and Torcolato.
Native wine grapes: Rossetta di Montagna (r).
DOCGs: Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG. | Amarone della Valpolicella Valpantena DOCG. | Bagnoli Friularo [sic] or Friularo di Bagnoli DOCG. | Bardolino Superiore DOCG. | Colli Asolani Prosecco or Asolo Prosecco DOCG. | Colli di Congeliano DOCG. | Colli Euganei Fior d’Arancio or Fior d’Arancio Colli Euganei DOCG. | Congeliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco or Congeliano-Prosecco or Valdobbiadene Prosecco DOCG. | Lison DOCG. | Montello Rosso or Montello DOCG. | Piave Malanotte or Malanotte della Piave DOCG. | Recioto della Valpolicella DOCG. | Recioto di Gambellara DOCG. | Recioto di Soave DOCG. | Recioto di Soave Classico DOCG. | Soave Superiore DOCG.
DOCs: Arcole DOC. | Bagnoli di Sopra or Bagnoli DOC. | Bianco di Custoza or Custoza DOC. | Bardolino DOC. | Breganze DOC. | Colli Berici DOC. | Colli Euganei DOC. | Colli Euganei DOC Moscato. | Corti Benedittine del Padovano DOC. | Delle Venezie DOC. | Gambellara DOC. | Garda DOC. | Lessini Durello or Durello Lessini DOC. | Lison Pramaggiore DOC (shared with Friuli-Venezia Giulia). | Lugana DOC. | Merlara DOC. | Montello Colli Asolani DOC. | Monti Lessini DOC. | Prosecco DOC (in the provinces of Belluno, Padova, Treviso, Vicenza, Venezia). | Riviera del Brenta DOC. | San Martino della Battaglia DOC. | Soave DOC. | Valdadige DOC. | Valdadige Terradeiforti or Terradeiforti DOC. | Vallagarina DOC. | Valpolicella DOC. | Valpolicella Superiore Ripasso DOC. | Venezia DOC. | Vicenza DOC. | Vignetti della Serenissima or Serenissima DOC.
IGTs : Verona IGT.
Native grapes: Bianca Capriana (w). | Bigolona (w). | Boschera (w). | Cabrusina (r). | Cavrara (r). | Cenerente (r). | Corbina (r). | Denela (r). | Forsellina (r). | Gruaja (r). | Marzemina Nera (r). | Pattaresca (r). | Pavana (r). | Pedevenda (w). | Pomella (r). | Quaiara (r). Recantina (r). | Rondinella (r). | Rosetta di Montagna (r). | Rossignola (r). | Simesara (r). | Trevisana Nera (r). | Turchetta (r).
Source: Italian Wine Unplugged (Positive Press, 2017).