‘Young women in Spain are having far fewer children, and later, than their mothers. The same is true in many other rich countries, but Spain’s total fertility rate (the number of children a woman can expect to have during her child-bearing years), at 1.3, is among the lowest in the EU.The country also has the world’s second-highest life expectancy after Japan. As a result, by 2050 the number of pensioners will rise to 76 for every 100 workers (from 30-plus now), according to the OECD,’ (‘A flawed welfare state,’ article in The Economist Special Report Spain, July 28th 2018, p10).