Slovakia, demographics | ‘Although the Hungarian minority is bigger in Romania, at least 500,000 Hungarians live in Slovakia. This reflects the fall of the Habsburg empire and the [1920] Treaty of Trianon [See Czechoslovakia], a moment of national rebirth for Slovaks, but of dismemberment and humiliation for Hungarians. Some Hungarian textbooks still call Slovakia “Upper Hungary”. Joining the European Union, which both countries did in May 2004, was supposed to salve these wounds,’ (‘Textbook wars,’ The Economist 27th May 2000).