Sante Lancerio | Sixteenth century figure, arguably the first sommelier in his role of selecting, preserving, preparing, documenting, describing and serving wine (see Vino Nobile and Sagrantino di Montefalco) for Pope Paul III Farnese (pontiff from 1534 to 1549). 

At the time, wine was a fundamental component of the banquets and Lancerio, who followed the pope both in the office and in his travels, tried to prepare a perfectly prepared table, using masters of the kitchen such as Giovanni de Rosselli and Bartolomeo Scappi