Rossese | Red wine grape native to Italy. Despite its limited cultivation area in a small section of western Liguria, there exist a number of different Rosseses, genetically distinct from each other. The most famous and widespread is Rossese di Dolceacqua (also the name of a wine). DNA profiling has shown Rossese is the same as the Tibouren variety found in nearby Provence in France across the Franco-Italian border.
See also | Rossese Bianco.
Where grown | Liguria: specifically, in the countryside around the towns of Imperia (among which: Dolceacqua, Apricale, San Biagio della Cima, Soldano and others) and Ventimiglia.
Wines | Liguria: Rossese di Dolceacqua (or Dolceacqua) DOC. | Rossese Riviera Ligure di Ponente (or Rossese di Albenga) DOC. Also some IGT wines.
Viticulture | Rossese requires a lot of manual work and is a very difficult grape. Rossese di Dolceacqua has medium-large bunches, with medium to medium-small berries. Good vigour, but it is easily attacked by botrytis bunch rot.
Wine style | Aromas: violets, red currants, graphite, pink and red rose, strawberry. Distinctive salty-sour component, vibrant acidity. Dry (not drying) mouthfeel.
See Ian D’Agata, Native Wine Grapes of Italy (University of California Press, 2014).
Italian Wine Unplugged (Positive Press, 2017), p.131.