Roquemaure is a small town and commune in the Gard department of southern France. The town lies 7.5 miles (12 kilometres) north of Avignon on the right bank of the Rhône. Roquemaure was the site of a royal castle during the medieval period. Pope Clement V (1264–1314) died here. After the French Revolution the castle was dismantled and now only two towers remain. In the 18th century Roquemaure was the centre of attempts to regulate the production of wine in the area and the term “Côte du Rhône” was coined. The town is infamous for being the site where phylloxera was introduced into France from North America in the 1860s. Viticulture is still an important activity in the commune. 

Population: 2012 5,421