Romania is a European country that was created as a modern state on December 1st 1918 upon the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, after World War One. In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon gave to Romania areas which had previously been part of Hungary,’ (The Economist, ‘Where borders are the migrants,’ 17 Nov 2018, p.28). ‘Romania is smaller now than in 1918, but unlike its former neighbour, Yugoslavia, founded on the same day, it has at least survived,’ (The Economist, ‘Transylvania’s IT hub,’ 22 Dec 2018, p42).

Population: Demographics.