Nuclear Magnetic Radioisotope | NMR tests can be used to prevent fraud by pinpointing specific geology (Ian D’Agata, 2014, p11). See also molecular analysis.

Bibliography

Dr Ian D’Agata, Native Wine Grapes of Italy (University of California Press, 2014).

Oxford Companion to Wine 4th edition ed. Jancis Robinson MW and Julia Harding MW (Oxford University Press, 2015).