Muschelkalk is a German-language term for a tertiary era (the Trias period, 220 million years ago) shell limestone rich in ancient marine fossils, a calcareous-clayey marl, soil type described by Tom Stevenson (2011, p.19.) as often used when discussing wines in Alsace, Muschelkalk is a stratigraphic name for the Middle Triassic [245 million years ago] period and can mean anything from sandstone (shelly, dolomitic, calcareous, clayey, pink, yellow, or millstone) to marl (varicoloured or fissile) dolomite, limestone (crinoidal or grey), and shingle.’

Wineries

Certified Biodynamic: Feiler Artinger (Neusiedlersee Hügelland, Austria). | Weingut Dr Wehrheim (Pfalz, Germany). 

Bibliography

Tom Stevenson, The Sotheby’s Wine Encyclopedia 5th Edition (Dorling Kindersley, 2011), p.19.