Holocene | The present geological epoch, which has lasted for 12,000 years, during which human domination not only began, but threatens via its impact to create such irreversible changes, including, but not limited to, anthropogenic climate change, to our planet that some scientists want to re-name it the Anthropocene. The Holocene falls within the Quaternary period, whose only other epoch is the Pleistocene (1.7 million to 10,000 years ago, during which the first primitive humans appeared). Wine terroirs created (naturally, not by humans…) during the Holocene include Gattinara DOCG (D’Agata, 2019, p.342, appendix).


Dr Ian d’Agata, Native Wine Grape Terroirs (University of California Press, 2019).