Germany, European nation state. On 3rd October 1990 the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in the east reunited with the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) in the west. Henry Kissinger once described Germany as “a country too big for Europe and too small for the world,” (‘Europe’s reluctant hegemon’, by Zanny Minton Beddoes in The Economist – Special Report Germany, 15th July 2013, p.4).
Organic & Biodynamic wine production data: See here.
Climate change: Germany’s first climate change law was passed and decreed that by 2030 carbon emissions must be cut by 55% from the level in 1990 (Source: ‘Red in Robe, green in thought’, The Economist 8th May 2021, p.22).
Vineyard area & wine production: Data on Germany’s vineyard surface area, its main grape varieties, and overall wine production are found here.
Federal states: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern or Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. |North Rhine-Westphalia. | Saarland.