COWHORN VINEYARD & GARDEN is a Demeter-certified estate vineyard and winery located in the Applegate Valley AVA in southern Oregon, described by founder-owners Bill and Barbara Steele.

OWNERS Bill (ex-Wall Street) and Steele Barbara (ex-finance) bought the land in 2002 when they were in their early forties and converted it to vines and other crops (see below).

THE ESTATE comprise 47.3 hectares (117 acres) and is located 15 miles (kms) west of Ashland in southern Oregon. The first 4.45 hectares (11 acres) were planted in 2005. Soil analysis had shown the sandy, stony, low fertility soils of the Applegate river valley would suit Rhone varietals, hence a focus on Syrah and Viognier.

VINEYARDS, PRODUCTION / 2005 4.45 hectares (11 acres). / 2008 In 2008 there were 4.45ha (11 acres) of Rhône varieties: Syrah, Grenache, Viognier, Roussanne and Marsanne. These produced 1,800 cases of year of wine. / 2010 In 2010 an additional 2.02 hectares (5 acres) of vines ere planted. 2018 10 hectares (25 acres) producing 4,500 cases (International Biodynamic Wine Conference, San Francisco 07 May 2018).

BIODYNAMICS The owners worked with the late Alan York, as their Biodynamic consultant. Biodynamic compost is based on organic cow manure and estate-generated green waste. Compost teas and vermiculture are used to control pests and to encourage complexity of the microbiological activity in the fields. Also Biodynamic preparations, and habitat diversity.

BIODYNAMIC CERTIFICATION / 2006 First vintage with full Demeter Biodynamic certification for both vineyards and winery. / 2018 Still Demeter certified Biodynamic for both vineyards and winery.

WHITE WINES

SPIRAL 36 / 2008 35% each Roussanne & Viognier, 30% Marsanne. / 2016 45% Viognier, 30% Marsanne, 25% Roussanne. Clean, pure textured when tasted at the International Biodynamic Wine Conference, San Francisco 07 May 2018.

RED WINES

SENTIENCE / 2014 100% Syrah. Dark juicy fruit with nice crunch when tasted at the International Biodynamic Wine Conference, San Francisco 07 May 2018.

MOONRAKER / 2015 53% Tempranillo, 45% Grenache Noir, 2% Tempranillo. Bright, savoury, wild when tasted at the International Biodynamic Wine Conference, San Francisco 07 May 2018.

OTHER CROPS

The more fertile soils are given to other crops such as cereals (barley), fruit and nut trees, and asparagus.

CONTACT

Cowhorn Vineyard and Garden, 1665 Eastside Road, Jacksonville, OR 97530 / +001 541-899-6876 / www.cowhornwine.com

BIBLIOGRAPHY

International Biodynamic Wine Conference, San Francisco 6-7th May 2018.