Champagne AOC is the over-arching denomination of origin for the traditional method sparkling wines of the Champagne region in north-eastern France, the undisputed emperor of sparkling wines,’ (Hugh Johnson & Hubrecht Duijker: 1987, p.19). The main Champagne sub-regions are the Côte des Bar (formerly the Aube). the Montagne de Reims and the Vallée de la Marne.

HistoryOrigin of Champagne’s name.

TerroirViticultural zone (definition of). | Vineyard surface area (delimited, plantable, & planted vine areas). | Lieux-dits (number of). | Soil pH.

ViticultureChlorosis (a vine disorder) in Champagne. 

Styles: Non-vintage Champagne. | Multi-vintage Champagne. | Vintage Champagne. | Blanc de Blancs Champagne.

VintagesChampagne vintages (see also Vintage Champagne, above). 

Serving ChampagneDecanting Champagne.

KeywordsRécoltant-manipulant

Biodynamics & organics–Data2015  In 2015 Champagne had 523 hectares (1,292 acres) of organic and Biodynamic vines of which 380 hectares (939 acres) had full certification and 143 hectares (353 acres) was in conversion from a total of 127 Champagne producers (Source: Agence Bio). | 2009 Marina Galy from FRAB (source below)) was quoted as saying that ‘in 2009 there were 49 organic wine-growers in Champagne with 217 hectares (536 acres) of vines, or 0.55% of France’s national organic vine total. Between 2009-2010 Champagne saw a 32% increase in its number of organic wine-growers (from 49 to 65) and a 20% increase in its organic surface area–from the aforementioned 217 hectares to 260 hectares (642 acres) of vines with either full organic certification or in conversion.’

Biodynamic & organic practices: The three main hurdles to surmount when converting to organics or Biodynamics in Champagne are the drop in yields (of up to 20%), dealing with weeds without herbicides, and dealing with downy mildew (peronospera).

Wineries

Certified Biodynamic: Champagne Augustin et Fils. | Champagne Benoit Lahaye. | Champagne Bourgeois-Diaz. | Champagne Charlot-Tanneux. Champagne David Léclapart| Champagne de Sousa. | Champagne Fleury. | Champagne Franck Pascal. | Champagne Francis Boulard. | Champagne Françoise Bedel. | Champagne Gaiffe-Brun. | Champagne Gaston Collard. | Champagne Hughes Godme. | Champagne La Parcelle. | Champagne Lancelot-Wanner. | Champagne Leclerc-Briant. | Champagne Marguet. | Champagne Olivier Horiot. | Champagne Reaut-Noirot. | Champagne Rodez. | Champagne Robert Barbichon. | Champagne Ruppert-Leroy. | Champagne Schreiber. | Champagne Vincent Couche. | Champagne Vouette et Sorbée (Bertrand Gautherot). | Domaine de la Malmaison. | SCEV du Tremble.

Certified organic, Biodynamic practices: Champagne Larmandier-Bernier. | Champagne Roederer. | Champagne Solemmne. 

Certified organic: Champagne Bruno Michel. | Champagne Laurent Bénard.

No certificationChampagne Billecart-Salmon. | Champagne Gratien & Meyer. | Champagne Salon| Champagne Serge Mathieu. | Champagne Tarlant.

Bibliography

Marina Galy (from FRAB) quoted on 03 May 2011 in ‘Vignes bio: des solutions pour limiter les ravageurs’ published by L’Ést Éclair