Skin contact

Skin contact is a technique used in the making of white wines where by the grapes are allowed to macerate (in the press or a bespoke vat) before being pressed and before the fermentation starts. The aim is to bring out flavours which the more straightforward process...

Tartrates

Tartrates, harmless but unsightly crystals resembling glass shards that precipitate out of wine during fermentation and ageing. Chilling the wine below freezing will force the tartrates to precipitate. An alternative, quicker but more complex solution is to chill the...

Quercetin

Quercetin | A phenol which occurs naturally in vegetables and fruits, including wine grapes and grape stems. It protects grapes from ultraviolet light damage. Pinot Noir, Sangiovese and Cesanese are examples of grape varieties whose quercetin levels can be high....

Novello

Novello is an Italian term meaning ‘new’ used for still or sparkling red IGT, DOC or DOCG wines made from 30-100% carbonic maceration, a method developed in France in the 1930s (Novello is the equivalent of France’s Nouveau term). The wines can be sold...

Terrecotte Giombi

Terrecotte Giombi, business founded and owned by Daniele Giombi which produces clay amphora. It is located in Fratte Rosa, a township in Pesaro e Urbino province in Le Marche region on Italy’s Adriatic coast. Fratte Rosa has been producing terracottas for...