Calanchi

Calanchi (the Italian term for ‘badlands’) are a type of dry terrain where softer sedimentary rocks and clay-rich soils have been extensively eroded by wind and water. They are characterized by steep slopes, minimal vegetation, lack of a substantial...

Travertine (Travertino)

Travertine (Traverino in Italian) is a form of limestone deposited by mineral springs, especially hot springs. Travertine often has a fibrous or concentric appearance and exists in white, tan, cream-coloured, and even rusty...

Montalcino: Geology & soils

Montalcino: Geology & Soil Jan Erbach of the Pian dell’Orino estate describes Montalcino’s underlying geology as ‘complex because it was formed by the Sardinian and Corsican geological micro-plates (the latter being part of the African plate) drifting...

Quaternary

The Quaternary is the current and most recent of the three periods of the Cenozoic Era in the geologic time scale of the International Commission on Stratigraphy. It follows the Neogene Period and spans from 2.588 ± 0.005 million years ago to the present. The Holocene...

Permian

Permian | Bibliography Dr Ian D’Agata, Native Wine Grape Terroirs (University of California Press, 2019),...