APENNINES, mountain range which Burton Anderson (1990, p189) describes as arching ‘gracefully away from the Tyrrhenian over Tuscany, Umbria, and Latium [Lazio], making space for an aggregate of hills whose lack of uniformity only begins to explain their splendour. The Etruscans, the early vintners, made the most of the rocky rises, but the Romans knew better, shunning them in favour of warmer plains.’


Burton Anderson, The Wine Atlas of Italy (Mitchell Beazley, London, 1990).

David Gleave, The Wines of Italy (Salamander Books, London, 1989).

Dr Ian D’Agata, Native Wine Grapes of Italy (University of California Press, 2014).

Nicolas Belfrage MW, Life Beyond Lambrusco (Sidgwick & Jackson, 1985)

Nicolas Belfrage MW, From Barolo to Valpolicella—The Wines of Northern Italy (Faber & Faber, 1999).

Nicolas Belfrage MW, From Brunello to Zibibbo–The Wines of Tuscany, Central and Southern Italy (2nd edition, London, 2003).