Aleatico, moderate to strongly aromatic red wine grape variety (D’Agata, 2019, p.19) native to central Italy with a history dating back to the ancient Romans. An off-spring of Moscato Bianco it is also related to Lacrima and possibly Sangiovese.

Synonyms | These include Aleatica, Aleatica di Firenze, Aleatichina, and many Aleaticos (dell’Elba, di Altamura, di Beneventoare, etc.).

Biotypes | A biotype of Aleatico is used to make a wine in Le Marche region historically known as Vernaccia di Pergola

Wine style | Aromas and flavors are similar to those of a red Moscato; look for rose, violet, lavender, strawberry, raspberry, cinnamon, nutmeg, and clove. Typically dark in color.

Viticulture | Round or pentagonal leaf. Medium-large cluster and berry. 

Wine styles | Red, pink (‘rosato’) and even vinified as a white wine. Dry rosato and sweet passito wines are specialties, the latter often made from air-dried grapes.

Wines | Tuscany: Elba Aleatico Passito or Aleatico d’Elba Passito DOCG. | Also used in scattered IGPs in central Italy (Tuscany to Le Marche) and Puglia.


Dr Ian D’Agata, Native Wine Grapes of Italy (University of California Press, 2014).

Ian d’Agata, Italy’s Native Wine Grape Terroirs (University of California Press, 2019).

Italian Wine Unplugged (Positive Press, 2017), p.79-80.

Oxford Companion to Wine 4th edition ed. Jancis Robinson MW and Julia Harding MW (Oxford University Press, 2015), p.39.