THE UNITED KINGDOM (UK)

The United Kingdom, or the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to give it its full title, comprises England, Scotland, and Wales–which is the Great Britain bit–and Northern Ireland, which is the Northern Ireland bit. See United Kingdom winegrowing for where and how wine is grown in the UK.

WINE REGIONSEngland. | Wales.

VINEYARD AREA & WINE PRODUCTION

2017 | The UK vineyard area doubled between 2009 and 2017 to approximately 2,330 hectares (5,755 acres) under vine (Source: English Wine Producers, Decanter, August 2017). In 2017 around one million new vines were due to be planted in England and Wales, the biggest number ever, meaning the UK vineyard area would expand by 18% to around 2,650 hectares (6,545 acres) (Stephen Skelton MW, personal communication).

2016 | UK Annual production of 4.15 million bottles included approximately 2.74 million bottles of sparkling (Source: English Wine Producers, Decanter, August 2017).

2015 | The UK had 503 commercial vineyards, 133 wineries (Source: English Wine Producers, Decanter, August 2017). Annual production in 2015 of 5.06 million bottles of which approximately 3.34 million bottles of sparkling (Source: English Wine Producers, Decanter, August 2017).

2014 | Annual UK production was 6.3 million bottles of which approximately 4.15 million bottles of sparkling (Source: English Wine Producers, Decanter, August 2017).

2013 | Annual production of 4.45 million bottles of which approximately 2.94 million bottles of sparkling (Source: English Wine Producers, Decanter, August 2017).

2011 | In an interview with Graham Holter (see bibliography) published in 2011 Stephen Skelton MW said the UK vineyard surface area was around 1,500 hectares (3,705 acres) in total, with around 70% of production controlled by 17% of vineyards, and that the UK had 180 vineyards of less than 1 hectare (2.47 acres), with the vast majority (386) fewer than 5 hectares (12.3 acres) in size, with 37 between 5 and 10 hectares (12-25 acres), and only 18 bigger than this. In the same article Julia Trustram Eve of English Wine Producers said Champagne grapes (Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier) accounted for nearly half of the UK vineyard.

2009 | In 2009 At least 100 hectares (247 acres) of vines were planted in England and Wales in 2009, bringing the total to around 1,350 hectares (3,334 acres) (Stephen Skelton MW, perso).

2008 | 1,106 hectares (2,731 acres) in production officially, with a total planted area estimated at nearer 1,250 hectares (3,087 acres), the difference between the two figures being newly planted vines not yet in full production (Stephen Skelton MW, perso).

SEE ALSO | Demographics. | Bird population decline. | Hedgerows. | Land prices. | Monarchy. | UK wine consumption.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

English Wine Producers, data reprinted in Decanter, August 2017, p56.

Graham Holter, ‘Growing pains’, The Drinks Business 105 (April 2011), p67.