Italy ranks with Spain and France as one of the world’s three most important sources of organic wine. See here for the data.

Regions (20) | Italy’s regions are equivalent to states in the USA or provinces in Canada. They are: Abruzzo. | Alto Adige. | Aosta. | Basilicata. | Calabria. | Campania. | Emilia-Romagna. | Friuli-Venezia Giulia. | Lazio (Latium). | Lombardia (Lombardy). | Liguria. | Marche. | Molise. | Puglia (Apulia). | Sardegna (Sardinia). | Sicilia (Sicily). | Piemonte (Piedmont). | Toscana (Tuscany). | Trentino. | Umbria. | Veneto.

Terroir & Indigenous grapes | In his award winning Volcanic Wines book (see bibliography, below), John Szabo (2016, p150) points out that Italy is one of the most volcanically active wine producing countries, and contains mainland Europe’s only active volcanoes, Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei in Campania on the mainland, plus island volcanoes such as Etna (Sicily) and the island of Vulcano itself, origin of the western world’s term for volcano. Italy’s volcanism arises from being near the boundary between the Eurasian and African tectonic plates which have ‘pushed up the Alps and the Apennines’, causing ‘chain of volcanism of every kind, from effusive to explosive from Soave to Sicily.’ Szabo also makes the point about how ‘phylloxera-free volcanic soils have helped preserve Italy’s unparalleled collection of indigenous grapes.’

Historic events | 4000BC-earliest traces of wine-growing in Italy. | 1702 Napoleon invades Italy

Educational & trade bodies | FederDoc. | Federvini. | FIVI. | Italian Trade Agency (ICE). | Unione Italiana Vini. | VinItaly International Academy

Wine trade fairs | VinItaly.

Bibliography

‘Bio in Chiffre 2014’, Sistema d’Informazione nazionale sull’agricoltura biologica (SINAB).

Ian D’Agata (Dr), Native Wine Grapes of Italy (University of California Press, 2014).

John Szabo, MS, Volcanic Wines, (Jacqui Small, 2016).