Italy ranks with Spain and France as one of the world’s three most important sources of organic wine.
Roughly speaking, 80% of the world’s organic vineyards are found in Europe, and 75% of the world’s organic vineyards are found in just three countries–Italy, France, and Spain. Data on Italy’s organic vineyards can be a challenge to unpick. But the two key trends over the last decade are an overall fall in Italy’s total vineyard area (due to EU reforms on curbing over-production), and a rise the size of the organic vineyard, from around 30,000 hectares (74,100 acres) in 2005 to more than 70,000 hectares in 2014. My calculation is over 11% of the Italian vineyard is now organic or Biodynamic.
The leading Italian regions for organic wine-growing are Sicily (Sicilia), Calabria, and Tuscany (Toscana). Tuscany’s most famous red wine is Brunello di Montalcino DOCG. It is made with Italy’s most widely planted red grape, the Sangiovese or ‘Brunello’ when grown in Montalcino. For a list of which of Montalcino’s organic and biodynamic wine estates see Brunello di Montalcino.
Panorama de la Viticulture bio en France et dans le Monde by Elisabeth Mercier, presented at the Millésime Bio organic wine fair, 27 January 2015, Montpellier, France).
Sistema di Informazione Nazionale sull’Agricoltura or SINAB (Italy’s office for agricultural statistics).