EMILIA-ROMAGNA is one of Italy’s 20 administrative regions. Located between Florence and Milan, Emilia-Romagna virtually bisects north central Italy, stretching from the Ligurian/Piemonte border inland in the west (Emilia) to the quite distinct Romagna in the east on the Adriatic coast (Romagna). Connecting Emilia and Romagna is the Via Emilia, the Roman road dating from 187BC and running from Piacenza in the west to Rimini on the Adriatic coast in the east (David Gleave, 1989, p80). ‘Much of the region lies in the deep, alluvial plain of the Po river, and contains some of Italy’s most fertile agricultural land. Its abundant agricultural output has created Italy’s richest cuisine,’ (Daniel Thomases and David Gleave MW, 2006, p251). The Po separates Emilia-Romagna ‘from Lombardy and the rest of northern Italy, while the Apennines to the south define the border with Tuscany,’ (David Gleave, 1989, p80).
WINE STYLES | The style of the wines is generally ‘frizzante’ in Emilia–’frothing reds with an attractive nippy sourness and chewiness, not just Lambrusco but also Barbera, Bonarda, Malvasia and others,’ says Oz Clarke (2015, p113), and still wines in Romagna from Sangiovese and Trebbiano, closely following the Tuscan model.
POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY | Capital city: Bologna (BO). Provinces (9): Bologna (BO). / Ferrara (FE). / Forlì (FO or FC). / Modena (MO). / Parma (PR). / Piacenza (PC). / Ravenna (RA). / Reggio Emilia (RE). / Rimini (RN). Provinces in Emilia in the west are Piacenza, Parma, Reggio Emilia and Modena. Provinces in Romagna in the coastal east are Ferrara, Forlì, Ravenna, and Rimini. Bologna (BO) straddles both Emilia and Romagna and is the region’s capital.
EMILIA-ROMAGNA DOCs | Bosco Eliceo DOC. / Colli Bolognesi DOC. / Colli d’Imola DOC. / Colli di Faenza DOC. / Colli di Parma DOC. / Colli di Rimini DOC. / Colli di Scandiano e di Canossa DOC. / Colli Piacentini DOC. / Colli Piacentini Monterosso Val d’Arda. / Colli Romagna Centrale DOC. / Gutturnio DOC. / Lambrusco di Sorbara DOC. / Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro DOC. / Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce DOC. / Modena or Di Modena DOC. / Ortrugo dei Colli Piacentini or Ortrugo–Colli Piacentini DOC. / Reggiano DOC. / Reno DOC. / Romagna DOC. / Romagna Sangiovese DOC.
EMILIA-ROMAGNA IGTs | Emilia IGT.
VINEYARD AREA |
NATIVE GRAPES–RED | In Emilia in the west the main native red grapes are the Lambruscos (Ian D’Agata, 2014 p41), found on the plains between Parma and Bologna (David Gleave, 1989, p82). Barbera is found in Colli Piacentini to the west and in a thin strip of the Apennine foothills, running as far as Bologna,’ (David Gleave, 1989, p82). In Romagna, Sangiovese is found in the Romagnolo hills,’ (David Gleave, 1989, p82).
NATIVE GRAPES–WHITE | Emilia’s main native white wine grapes are Pignoletto and Malvasia di Candia Aromatica (Ian D’Agata, 2014 p41). ‘Malvasia is prominent in Emilia, versatile, dry or sweet, still or frizzante,’ (David Gleave, 1989, p90). Romagna’s main native varieties are the white Albana and the red Sangiovese (Ian D’Agata, 2014 p41). Gleave (1989, p90) also cites Trebbiano.
RARER GRAPES | Ian D’Agata (2014 p41) cites Malvasia Rosa, Beverdino, Melara, Santa Maria and Ervi, a recent crossing, plus the red Uva del Fantini and the white Forcella which are recent discoveries. Others he cites are Ortrugo and Verdea (both white), and Malbo Gentile, Uva Longanesi, Fortana, and Centesimino (all red).
SYNONYMOUS VARIETIES | Ian D’Agata (2014 p41) cites Bianca di Poviglio as synonymous with Trebbiano Toscano, Balsamina with Marzemino, and Occhio di Gatto with Friulano.
WINE PRODUCTION |
Daniel Thomases and David Gleave MW in The Oxford Companion to Wine 3rd edition ed. Jancis Robinson MW (Oxford University Press, 2006), p251.
David Gleave, The Wines of Italy (Salamander Books, London, 1989).
Dr Ian D’Agata, Native Wine Grapes of Italy (University of California Press, 2014), p41.
Oz Clarke, Oz Clarke Wine A-Z (Pavilion, 2015), p113.