DEMETER INTERNATIONAL e.V. is the body which oversees Demeter biodynamic certification worldwide for all crops, not just for wine. Demeter certification was first granted in 1928 for coffee in Mexico (Swann, 2019 Jan, p3).
STAFF | General Secretary: Christoph Simpendorfer. / International Standards: Ian Henderson
DEMETER INTERNATIONAL MEMBERS
Members of Demeter International are Demeter Österreich in Austria, Association Demeter France in France, Demeter e.V. in Germany, Demeter Associazione per la Tutela della Qualità Biodinamica in Italia in Italy, the Bio Dynamic Farming and Gardening Association in NZ Inc. in New Zealand, Zdruzenje Demeter Slovenija in Slovenia, Demeter Schweiz in Switzerland, Biodynamic Association Certification in the United Kingdom, Demeter Association, Inc. in the United States. They can undertake Biodynamic certification to the Demeter standard in their country, being accredited for this by Demeter International. Note that farming to nationally recognised organic standards is a pre-requisite for Demeter certification. In Argentina, Chile, the Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Portugal and South Africa an accredited third-party certifier will be asked to perform both the baseline organic certification and subsequent biodynamic certification to Demeter International e.V.’s biodynamic standard. In Australia the Demeter trademark is privately owned by the Bio-Dynamic Research Institute which is not and has never been part of Demeter International.
THE BIODYNAMIC & DEMETER TRADEMARKS
Demeter International (DI) undertakes trademark protection for the Demeter and Biodynamic trademarks, and for trademarks which are similar. Christoph Simpendorfer (in Swann 2016, p42) says ‘some trademark registration authorities consider the term Biodynamic as being descriptive and generic. Therefore they refused the registration. On the other hand, we own some trademarks that have already allowed us to oppose successfully some registrations by third parties.’
Asked what the challenges are General Secretary Christoph Simpendorfer says (in Swann 2016, p43) as well as the ‘struggle to keep diversity on our farms, the main challenge will be to find enough young people to carry on our ideals of a real sustainable agriculture. We need new ownership solutions and new ways of sharing responsibilities on farms so that the next generation can find a balance between work, family and personal development.’
Demeter International, Brandschneise 1, D-64295 Darmstadt, Germany/ +49 (0)6155-8469-0 / www.demeter.net
Richard Swann, Interview with Christoph Simpendorfer, General Secretary of Demeter International, Star and Furrow, Issue 125, July 2016 p42-43.
Richard Swann, Star and Furrow, Issue 130, January 2019 p3.